Global Recovery Observatory 2024.xlsx (2.4 MB)

Global Recovery Observatory

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This dataset includes granular government policy and spending data in response to COVID-19 for 88 countries over the period 2020-2021. It was collected manually from public online data sources over two years by Oxford University research assistants. The data was validated using three processes: international peer review, blind side-by-side human review, and with a unique application of recurrent neural network (RNN) models. Further details are available in a peer-reviewed research paper: .


This initiative was supported by the Green Fiscal Policy Network, the Children’s Investment Fund Foundation, the ClimateWorks Foundation, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), and the Climate Compatible Growth Programme of the United Kingdom’s Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO). The GRO is a partnership between the Smith School of Enterprise and Environment at Oxford University, UNEP, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), the Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE), and partners of the Green Fiscal Policy Network (the International Monetary Fund, UNEP, and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit). Brian O'Callaghan is personally supported by the Rhodes Trust and the H2020-MSCA-RISE project GEMCLIME-2020 GA No. 681228.