Role of Counterions in the Solubilization of Benzene by Cetyltrimethylammonium Aggregates. A Multinuclear NMR Investigation<sup>†</sup>

1999-12-10T00:00:00Z (GMT) by Giorgio Cerichelli Giovanna Mancini
This paper reports about the influence of counterions on the solubilization of benzene in aqueous solutions of cetyltrimethylammonium surfactants (CTAX, X = Br<sup>-</sup>, Cl<sup>-</sup>, NO<sub>3</sub><sup>-</sup>, CH<sub>3</sub>SO<sub>3</sub><sup>-</sup>, and (SO<sub>4</sub>)<sup>2-</sup><sub>1/2</sub>, CTAB, CTAC, CTAN, CTAMs, and CTAS, respectively) investigated by <sup>1</sup>H, <sup>13</sup>C, and <sup>14</sup>N NMR spectroscopy, at [CTAX] = 0.10 M. Benzene solubility and the size of the aggregates upon benzene addition depend strongly on the nature of counterion. Aqueous CTAC, CTAMs, and CTAS solutions reach benzene saturation up to [benzene]/[CTAX] ∼ 3 without showing any aggregate growth; on the other hand aqueous CTAB and CTAN solutions are able to solubilize a smaller amount of benzene up to [benzene]/[CTAX] ∼ 1 and the solute addition promotes a sphere to rod transition. <sup>1</sup>H chemical shifts of the headgroup signals, namely, the trimethylammonium and four methylenes of the aliphatic chain, undergo a more relevant upfield shift upon benzene addition with respect to the hydrophobic chain signals. <sup>1</sup>H NMR headgroup signals correlate to [benzene] through cubic equations, while the other signals do not show any simple correlation to [benzene]. A qualitative model in which benzene displaces water from the clefts which characterize the surface of the micellar aggregates is in agreement with all the experimental data.