Supplementary material from "Spatial memory shapes density dependence in population dynamics"
Published on 2017-11-13T13:07:20Z (GMT) by
Most population dynamics studies assume that individuals use space uniformly, and thus mix well spatially. In numerous species, however, individuals do not move randomly, but use spatial memory to visit renewable resource patches repeatedly. To understand the extent to which memory-based foraging movements may affect density-dependent population dynamics through its impact on competition, we developed a spatially explicit, individual-based movement model where reproduction and death are functions of foraging efficiency. We compared the dynamics of populations of with- and without-memory individuals. We showed that memory-based movement leads to a higher population size at equilibrium, to a higher depletion of the environment, to a marked discrepancy between the global (i.e. measured at the population level) and local (i.e. measured at the individual level) intensity of competition, and to a nonlinear density dependence. These results call for a deeper investigation of the impact of individual movement strategies and cognitive abilities on population dynamics.
Cite this collection
Riotte-Lambert, Louise; Benhamou, Simon; Bonenfant, Christophe; Chamaillé-Jammes, Simon (2017): Supplementary material from "Spatial memory shapes density dependence in population dynamics". The Royal Society. Collection.