Supplementary material from "Response of bats to light with different spectra: light-shy and agile bat presence is affected by white and green, but not red light"

Published on 2017-05-16T09:11:47Z (GMT) by
Artificial light at night has shown a remarkable increase over the last decades. Effects are reported for many species groups, and include changes in presence, behaviour, physiology and life-history traits. Among these, bats are strongly affected, and how bats species react to light is likely to vary with light colour. Different spectra may therefore be applied to reduce negative impacts. We used a unique set-up of eight field sites to study the response of bats to three different experimental light spectra in an otherwise dark and undisturbed natural habitat. We measured activity of three bat species groups around transects with light posts emitting white, green and red light with an intensity commonly used to illuminate countryside roads. The results reveal a strong and spectrum-dependent response for the slow-flying <i>Myotis</i> and <i>Plecotus</i> and more agile <i>Pipistrellus</i> species, but not for <i>Nyctalus</i> and <i>Eptesicus</i> species. <i>Plecotus</i> and <i>Myotis</i> species avoided white and green light, but were equally abundant in red light and darkness. The agile, opportunistically feeding <i>Pipistrellus</i> species were significantly more abundant around white and green light, most likely because of accumulation of insects, but equally abundant in red illuminated transects compared to dark control. Forest-dwelling <i>Myotis</i> and <i>Plecotus</i> species and more synanthropic <i>Pipistrellus</i> species are thus least disturbed by red light. Hence, in order to limit the negative impact of light at night on bats, white and green light should be avoided in or close to natural habitat, but red lights may be used if illumination is needed.

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Spoelstra, Kamiel; van Grunsven, Roy H. A.; Ramakers, Jip J. C.; Ferguson, Kim B.; Raap, Thomas; Donners, Maurice; et al. (2017): Supplementary material from "Response of bats to light with different spectra: light-shy and agile bat presence is affected by white and green, but not red light". The Royal Society. Collection.