Supplementary material from "Phosphorylation of Parkin at serine 65 is essential for its activation <i>in vivo</i>"

Published on 2018-11-08T03:45:18Z (GMT) by
Mutations in PINK1 and Parkin result in autosomal recessive Parkinson's disease (PD). Cell culture and <i>in vitro</i> studies have elaborated the PINK1-dependent regulation of Parkin and defined how this dyad orchestrates the elimination of damaged mitochondria via mitophagy. PINK1 phosphorylates ubiquitin at serine 65 (Ser65) and Parkin at an equivalent Ser65 residue located within its N-terminal ubiquitin-like domain, resulting in activation; however, the physiological significance of Parkin Ser65 phosphorylation <i>in vivo</i> in mammals remains unknown. To address this, we generated a <i>Parkin</i> Ser65Ala (S65A) knock-in mouse model. We observe endogenous Parkin Ser65 phosphorylation and activation in mature primary neurons following mitochondrial depolarization and reveal this is disrupted in <i>Parkin</i><sup>S65A/S65A</sup> neurons. Phenotypically, <i>Parkin</i><sup>S65A/S65A</sup> mice exhibit selective motor dysfunction in the absence of any overt neurodegeneration or alterations in nigrostriatal mitophagy. The clinical relevance of our findings is substantiated by the discovery of homozygous PARKIN (<i>PARK2</i>) p.S65N mutations in two unrelated patients with PD. Moreover, biochemical and structural analysis demonstrates that the Parkin<sup>S65N/S65N</sup> mutant is pathogenic and cannot be activated by PINK1. Our findings highlight the central role of Parkin Ser65 phosphorylation in health and disease.

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McWilliams, Thomas G.; Barini, Erica; Pohjolan-Pirhonen, Risto; P. Brooks, Simon; Singh, François; Burel, Sophie; et al. (2018): Supplementary material from "Phosphorylation of Parkin at serine 65 is essential for its activation in vivo". The Royal Society. Collection.