Supplementary material from "Middle Holocene plant cultivation on the Atlantic Forest coast of Brazil?"

Published on 2018-08-29T12:49:41Z (GMT) by
This work provides robust oral pathology and stable isotope evidence on Bayesian mixing model for an unexpectedly high consumption of carbohydrates by a Middle Holocene coastal population of the Atlantic Forest of South America, an area traditionally viewed as peripheral to early centres of food production on the continent. A diversified economy with substantial consumption of plant resources was in place at the shellmound (or <i>sambaqui</i>) of Morro do Ouro, in Babitonga Bay, and supported a dense population at <i>ca</i> 4500 cal BP. This dietary composition is unique when compared with that of other contemporary and later groups in the region, including peoples who used ceramics and domesticated crops. The results corroborate independent dietary evidence, such as stone tool artefacts for plant processing and plant microremains in dental calculus of the same individuals, and suggest plant cultivation possibly took place in this region at the same time as the development of early agriculture in Amazonia and the La Plata Basin. Our study situates the Atlantic Forest coast of Brazil on the map of early plant management in the Neotropics.

Cite this collection

Pezo-Lanfranco, Luis; Eggers, Sabine; Petronilho, Cecilia; Toso, Alice; Da Rocha, Dione; Von Tersch, Matthew; et al. (2018): Supplementary material from "Middle Holocene plant cultivation on the Atlantic Forest coast of Brazil?". The Royal Society. Collection.