Quantitative Analysis of Glycated Proteins

Published on 2018-02-09T23:43:51Z (GMT) by
The proposed protocol presents a comprehensive approach for large-scale qualitative and quantitative analysis of glycated proteins (GP) in complex biological samples including biological fluids and cell lysates such as plasma and red blood cells. The method, named glycation isotopic labeling (GIL), is based on the differential labeling of proteins with isotopic [<sup>13</sup>C<sub>6</sub>]-glucose, which supports quantitation of the resulting glycated peptides after enzymatic digestion with endoproteinase Glu-C. The key principle of the GIL approach is the detection of doublet signals for each glycated peptide in MS precursor scanning (glycated peptide with <i>in vivo</i> [<sup>12</sup>C<sub>6</sub>]- and <i>in vitro</i> [<sup>13</sup>C<sub>6</sub>]-glucose). The mass shift of the doublet signals is +6, +3 or +2 Da depending on the peptide charge state and the number of glycation sites. The intensity ratio between doublet signals generates quantitative information of glycated proteins that can be related to the glycemic state of the studied samples. Tandem mass spectrometry with high-energy collisional dissociation (HCD–MS2) and data-dependent methods with collision-induced dissociation (CID–MS3 neutral loss scan) are used for qualitative analysis.

Cite this collection

Priego-Capote, Feliciano; Ramírez-Boo, María; Finamore, Francesco; Gluck, Florent; Sanchez, Jean-Charles (2018): Quantitative Analysis of Glycated Proteins. ACS Publications.