Marangoni force-driven manipulation of photothermal-induced microbubbles

Published on 2018-03-05T18:44:39Z (GMT) by
The generation and manipulation of microbubbles by means of temperature gradients induced by low power laser radiation is presented. A laser beam (λ= 1064 nm) is divided into two equal parts and coupled to two multimode optical fibers. The opposite ends of each fiber are aligned and separated a distance D within an ethanol solution. Previously, silver nanoparticles were photodeposited on the optical fibers ends. Light absorption at the nanoparticles produces a thermal gradient capable of generating a microbubble at the optical fibers end in non-absorbent solutions. The theoretical and experimental studies carried out showed that by switching the thermal gradients, it is possible to generate forces in opposite directions, causing the migration of microbubbles from one fiber optic tip to another at maximum speeds of 238 mm/s. Marangoni force induced by surface tension gradients in the bubble wall is the driving force behind the manipulation of microbubbles. We estimated a maximum Marangoni force of 400 nN for a microbubble with a radius of 110 μm.

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Ortega, Gabriel; Sarabia, Julio; Zaca, Plácido; Padilla-Vivanco, Alfonso; Toxqui-Quitl, Carina; Rivas, Ivan; Ramos-Garcia, Ruben; Ramírez, Julian Ramírez; Hurtado, Susana Alejandra Torres (2018): Marangoni force-driven manipulation of photothermal-induced microbubbles. The Optical Society.