High-Performance Li-Ion Batteries Using Nickel-Rich Lithium Nickel Cobalt Aluminium Oxide–Nanocarbon Core–Shell Cathode: In Operando X‑ray Diffraction

Published on 2019-08-13T20:29:44Z (GMT) by
Nickel-rich layered, mixed lithium transition-metal oxides have been pursued as a propitious cathode material for the future-generation lithium-ion batteries due to their high energy density and low cost. Nevertheless, acute side reactions between Ni<sup>4+</sup> and carbonate electrolyte lead to poor cycling as well as rate performance, which limits their large-scale applications. Here, core–shell like LiNi<sub>0.8</sub>Co<sub>0.15</sub>Al<sub>0.05</sub>O<sub>2</sub> (NCA)–carbon composite synthesized by a solvent-free mechanofusion method is reported to solve this issue. Such a core–shell structure exhibits a splendid rate as well as stable cycling when compared to the physically blended NCA. <i>In operando</i> X-ray diffraction studies show that both materials experience anisotropic structural change, i.e., stacking <i>c</i>-axis undergoes a gradual expansion followed by an abrupt shrinkage; meanwhile, the <i>a</i>-axis contracts during the charging process and vice versa. Interestingly, the core–shell material displays a significantly high reversible capacity of 91% in the formation cycle at 0.1C and a retention of 84% at 0.5C after 250 cycles, whereas pristine NCA retains 71%. The robust mechanical force assisted dry coating obtained by the mechanofusion method shows improved electrochemical performance and demonstrates its practical feasibility.

Cite this collection

Vadivel, Selvamani; Phattharasupakun, Nutthaphon; Wutthiprom, Juthaporn; duangdangchote, Salatan; Sawangphruk, Montree (2019): High-Performance

Li-Ion Batteries Using Nickel-Rich

Lithium Nickel Cobalt Aluminium Oxide–Nanocarbon Core–Shell

Cathode: In Operando X‑ray Diffraction. ACS Publications. Collection.