Deep UV Emission from Highly Ordered AlGaN/AlN Core–Shell Nanorods

Published on 2018-10-11T00:03:24Z (GMT) by
Three-dimensional core–shell nanostructures could resolve key problems existing in conventional planar deep UV light-emitting diode (LED) technology due to their high structural quality, high-quality nonpolar growth leading to a reduced quantum-confined Stark effect and their ability to improve light extraction. Currently, a major hurdle to their implementation in UV LEDs is the difficulty of growing such nanostructures from Al<i><sub>x</sub></i>Ga<sub>1–<i>x</i></sub>N materials with a bottom-up approach. In this paper, we report the successful fabrication of an AlN/Al<i><sub>x</sub></i>Ga<sub>1–<i>x</i></sub>N/AlN core–shell structure using an original hybrid top-down/bottom-up approach, thus representing a breakthrough in applying core–shell architecture to deep UV emission. Various AlN/Al<i><sub>x</sub></i>Ga<sub>1–<i>x</i></sub>N/AlN core–shell structures were grown on optimized AlN nanorod arrays. These were created using displacement Talbot lithography (DTL), a two-step dry-wet etching process, and optimized AlN metal organic vapor phase epitaxy regrowth conditions to achieve the facet recovery of straight and smooth AlN nonpolar facets, a necessary requirement for subsequent growth. Cathodoluminescence hyperspectral imaging of the emission characteristics revealed that 229 nm deep UV emission was achieved from the highly uniform array of core–shell AlN/Al<i><sub>x</sub></i>Ga<sub>1–<i>x</i></sub>N/AlN structures, which represents the shortest wavelength achieved so far with a core–shell architecture. This hybrid top-down/bottom-up approach represents a major advance for the fabrication of deep UV LEDs based on core–shell nanostructures.

Cite this collection

Coulon, Pierre-Marie; Kusch, Gunnar; Martin, Robert W.; Shields, Philip A. (2018): Deep

UV Emission from Highly Ordered AlGaN/AlN Core–Shell

Nanorods. ACS Publications. Collection.