Changes in Care After Implementing a Multifaceted Intervention to Improve Preventive Cardiology Practice in Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) increases cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. However, CVD risk factor identification and treatment is often inadequate. The authors implemented a multifaceted rheumatology practice intervention to improve CVD risk factor measurement, assessment, and management. The intervention included clinician education, point-of-care decision support, feedback, and care management. The authors measured quality indicators from electronic health records and assessed impact with interrupted time series. Following the intervention, more RA patients had all major CVD risk factors assessed (53% vs 72.2%), and the rate of increase was greater during the intervention period than baseline (difference of 0.74% per month, P = .0016). Moderate- or high-intensity statin prescribing increased (21.6% to 28.2%), but the rate of change was not different from baseline. Several other quality measures did not increase. Although CVD risk factor assessment improved, the intervention did not affect risk factor management and control. Other strategies are needed to optimize CVD prevention in RA.