Bloch vector Rabi oscillation dynamics of a single quantum dot exciton coupled to acoustic phonons

Published on 2018-11-06T14:48:10Z (GMT) by
While the advanced coherent control of qubits is now routinely carried out in low frequency (GHz) systems like single spins, it is far more challenging to achieve for two-level systems in the optical domain. This is because the latter evolve typically in the THz range, calling for tools of ultrafast, coherent, nonlinear optics. Using four-wave mixing micro-spectroscopy, we here measure the optically driven Bloch vector dynamics of a single exciton confined in a semiconductor quantum dot. In a combined experimental and theoretical approach, we reveal the intrinsic Rabi oscillation dynamics by monitoring both central exciton quantities, i.e., its occupation and the microscopic coherence, as resolved by the four-wave mixing technique. In the frequency domain this oscillation generates the Autler-Townes splitting of the light-exciton dressed states, directly seen in the four-wave mixing spectra. We further demonstrate that the coupling to acoustic phonons strongly influences the FWM dynamics on the picosecond timescale, because it leads to transitions between the dressed states.

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Wigger, Daniel; Schneider, Christian; Gerhardt, Stefan; Kamp, Martin; Höfling, Sven; Kuhn, Tilmann; et al. (2018): Bloch vector Rabi oscillation dynamics of a single quantum dot exciton coupled to acoustic phonons. The Optical Society. Collection.