Association of <i>DFNA5, SYK</i>, and <i>NELL1</i> variants along with HPV infection in oral cancer among the prolonged tobacco-chewers

Published on 2018-08-09T12:00:00Z (GMT) by
<div><p>Southeast Asia, especially India, is well known for the highest use of smokeless tobacco. These products are known to induce oral squamous cell carcinoma. However, not all long-term tobacco-chewers develop oral squamous cell carcinoma. In addition, germline variants play a crucial role in susceptibility, prognosis, development, and progression of the disease. These prompted us to study the genetic susceptibility to oral squamous cell carcinoma among the long-term tobacco-chewers. Here, we presented a retrospective study on prolonged tobacco-chewers of Northeast India to identify the potential protective or risk-associated germline variants in tobacco-related oral squamous cell carcinoma along with HPV infection. Targeted re-sequencing (n = 60) of 170 genetic regions from 75 genes was carried out in Ion-PGM™ and validation (n = 116) of the observed variants was done using Sequenom iPLEX MassARRAY™ platform followed by polymerase chain reaction–based HPV genotyping and p16-immunohistochemistry study. Subsequently, estimation of population structure, different statistical and in silico approaches were undertaken. We identified one nonsense-mediated mRNA decay transcript variant in the <i>DFNA5</i> region (rs2237306), associated with Benzo(a)pyrene, as a protective factor (odds ratio = 0.33; p = 0.009) and four harmful (odds ratio > 2.5; p < 0.05) intronic variants, rs182361, rs290974, and rs169724 in <i>SYK</i> and rs1670661 in <i>NELL1</i> region, involved in genetic susceptibility to tobacco- and HPV-mediated oral oncogenesis. Among the oral squamous cell carcinoma patients, 12.6% (11/87) were HPV positive, out of which 45.5% (5/11) were HPV16-infected, 27.3% (3/11) were HPV18-infected, and 27.3% (3/11) had an infection of both subtypes. Multifactor dimensionality reduction analysis showed that the interactions among HPV and <i>NELL1</i> variant rs1670661 with age and gender augmented the risk of both non-tobacco- and tobacco-related oral squamous cell carcinoma, respectively. These suggest that HPV infection may be one of the important risk factors for oral squamous cell carcinoma in this population. Finally, we newly report a <i>DFNA5</i> variant probably conferring protection via nonsense-mediated mRNA decay pathway against tobacco-related oral squamous cell carcinoma. Thus, the analytical approach used here can be useful in predicting the population-specific significant variants associated with oral squamous cell carcinoma in any heterogeneous population.</p></div>

Cite this collection

Kundu, Sharbadeb; Ramshankar, Vijayalakshmi; Verma, Akalesh Kumar; Viveka Thangaraj, Soundara; Krishnamurthy, Arvind; Kumar, Rajeev; et al. (2018): Association of DFNA5, SYK, and NELL1 variants along with HPV infection in oral cancer among the prolonged tobacco-chewers. SAGE Journals. Collection.