Adherence to standardized assessments through a complexity-based model for categorizing rehabilitation©: design and implementation in an acute hospital
Published on 2018-03-12T05:00:00Z (GMT) by
Abstract Background The use of measurement instruments has become a major issue in physical therapy, but their use in daily practice is rare. The aim of this paper is to describe adherence to standardized assessments by physical therapists using a complexity-based model for categorizing rehabilitation (CMCR) at the Clínica Alemana of Santiago, an acute hospital in Chile. Methods This retrospective cohort study used 145,968 participant records that were stored in the inpatient database between July 2011 and December 2015. Adherence to the CMCR by 31 physical therapists working with intensive care unit (ICU) and non-ICU inpatients was assessed every quarter using the electronic patient records (EPR). This instrument (CMCR) linked clinical functional assessment to the degree of severity, thereby setting a score used to categorize patients as low, medium and high complexity. 96,400 instances of inpatient care where the physician recommended physical therapy were categorized. This was from a total of 145,968 instances of inpatient care recorded throughout the duration of the study (17 quarters). Trends in adherence were analyzed using a Prais-Winsten regression (a first-order autoregressive model). The trends were compared using a repeated measures ANOVA for mixed models with a significance level of 0.05. The use of the CMCR was included as one of the organization’s quality indicators associated with the hospital’s accreditation processes. Results Adherence increased by 1.48% every quarter (p = 0.005) for both ICU and non-ICU patients. On average, adherence with ICU patients was 16.98% greater than with non-ICU patients. Although adherence was always greater with ICU patients, the rate of increase with non-ICU patients was significantly greater: 1.62% (p = 0.007) vs. 1.28% (p = 0.003), respectively. Conclusion The CMCR facilitated adherence to standardized assessments by physical therapists working with ICU and non-ICU inpatients in an acute hospital, while linking this instrument to the organization’s quality management process proved to be an effective strategy for the duration of this study (17 quarters).
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Gutiérrez Panchana, Tania; Hidalgo Cabalín, Viviane (2018): Adherence to standardized assessments through a complexity-based model for categorizing rehabilitation©: design and implementation in an acute hospital. figshare.