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pH/Reduction Dual-Responsive Oxidized Alginate-Doxorubicin (mPEG-OAL-DOX/Cys) Prodrug Nanohydrogels: Effect of Complexation with Cyclodextrins

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posted on 2017-12-13, 00:00 authored by Tingting Zhou, Jiagen Li, Xu Jia, Xubo Zhao, Peng Liu
Novel biocompatible and biodegradable pH/reduction dual-responsive oxidized alginate-doxorubicin (mPEG-OAL-DOX/Cys) prodrug nanohydrogels were designed for tumor-specific intracellular triggered release of anticancer drug DOX by conjugating DOX via acid-labile Schiff base linkage into the PEGylated oxidized alginate (mPEG-OAL) cross-linked with bioreducible disulfide bond. The effect of the complexation with cyclodextrins (α-CD and β-CD) before or after the cross-linking of the mPEG-OAL on the DOX content and controlled release performance was investigated. It was found that the cyclodextrin inclusion complex prodrug nanohydrogels mPEG­(CD)-OAL-DOX/Cys, prepared by cross-linking of the mPEG-OAL after complexation with cyclodextrins, exhibited better pH/reduction dual-responsive controlled release performance than the mPEG-OAL-DOX/Cys­(CD) ones prepared by cross-linking of the mPEG-OAL before complexation with cyclodextrins, owing to the supramolecular cross-linking of the adjacent pseudopolyrotaxanes. Especially for the cyclodextrin inclusion complex prodrug nanohydrogels mPEG­(α-CD)-OAL-DOX/Cys, DOX was released rapidly under lower pH media mimicking the tumor microenvironment and completely released within 48 h, while the premature leakage under the simulated physiological condition was ∼40%, without burst release in both cases. The cellular toxicity and uptake results demonstrated that the mPEG­(α-CD)-OAL-DOX/Cys prodrug nanohydrogels possessed similar inhibition against cancer cell growth in comparison with the free DOX and enhanced drug intracellular accumulation.