Simultaneous quantification of major cannabinoids and metabolites (DTA 2017).pdf (593.47 kB)

Simultaneous quantification of major cannabinoids and metabolites in human urine and plasma by HPLC-MS/MS and enzymealkaline hydrolysis

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journal contribution
posted on 2017-05-22, 12:57 authored by Oier Aizpurua-OlaizolaOier Aizpurua-Olaizola, Iratxe Zarandona, Laura Ortiz, Patricia Navarro, Nestor Etxebarria, Aresatz Usobiaga
A high performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) method for simultaneous quantification of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), its two metabolites 11-hydroxy-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (11-OH-THC) and 11-nor-9-carboxy-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC-COOH), and four additional cannabinoids (cannabidiol (CBD), cannabigerol
(CBG), tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV), and cannabinol (CBN)) in 1mL of human urine and plasma was developed and validated. The hydrolysis process was studied to ensure complete hydrolysis of glucuronide conjugates and the extraction of a total amount of analytes. Initially, urine and plasma blank samples were spiked with THC-COOH-glucuronide and THC-glucuronide, and four different pretreatment methods were compared: hydrolysis-free method, enzymatic hydrolysis with Escherichia Coli
β-glucuronidase, alkaline hydrolysiswith 10MNaOH, and enzyme-alkaline tandemhydrolysis. The last approach assured themaximum efficiencies (close to 100%) for both urine and plasmamatrices. Regarding the figures of merit, the limits of detection were below 1 ng/mL for all analytes, the accuracy ranged from 84% to 115%, and both within-day and between-day precision were lower than 12%. Finally, the method was successfully applied to real urine and plasma samples from cannabis users.