Manganese(III) porphyrin anchored onto multiwall carbon nanotubes: An efficient and reusable catalyst for the heterogeneous reduction of aldehydes and ketones
Reduction of a variety of carbonyl compounds with NaBH4, using Mn-porphyrin, meso-tetrakis(4-hydroxyphenyl)porphyrinatomanganese(III), supported onto functionalized multiwall carbon nanotubes has been investigated. The heterogeneous catalyst was characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and UV–vis spectroscopy. The amount of catalyst loading on the nanotubes was determined by atomic absorption spectroscopy. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) demonstrated that the nanocatalyst was thermally stable to almost 300 °C, exhibiting high thermostability of the catalyst over a broad range of temperatures. This heterogeneous catalyst proved to be an efficient catalyst in the aerobic reduction of various aldehydes and ketones with NaBH4. In the presence of the nanocatalyst, NaBH4 can readily reduce a variety of aldehydes in good to excellent yields (50–100%) and ketones in excellent yields (100%) to their corresponding alcohols. The separation of the catalyst is very simple and economic. Also, FTIR spectra after four successive cycles showed that the catalyst was strongly anchored to the nanotubes.