High rate CO2 photoreduction using flame annealed TiO2 nanotubes
journal contributionposted on 2019-11-24, 23:32 authored by Pawan KumarPawan Kumar
The photocatalytic reduction of CO2 into light hydrocarbons using sunlight and water is a challenging reaction involving eight electron transfer steps; nevertheless, it has great potential to address the problem of rising anthropogenic carbon emissions and enable the use of fossil fuels in a sustainable way. Several decades after its first use, TiO2 remains one of the best performing and most durable photocatalysts for CO2 reduction albeit with a poor visible light absorption capacity. We have used flame annealing to improve the response of TiO2 to visible photons and engineered a nanotubular morphology with square-shaped cross-sections in flame-annealed nanotubes. An enhanced CH4 yield was achieved in the photoreduction of CO2 using flame annealed TiO2 nanotubes, and isotope labeled experiments confirmed the reaction products to originate from the CO2 reactant.