Schematics showing the geometric properties of a rectangular space.
A) The major principal axis, based on the global shape of a space, passes lengthwise through the center of a space. The minor principal axis lies perpendicular to the major principal axis. Based on the principal axes alone, the shape of a space cannot be determined. B) Absolute metrics are the precise metrics of a given area. For instance, a rectangular space is composed of a set of opposite walls that are 200 cm in length and another set of opposite walls that are 100 cm in length. C) Relative metrics are the relational properties of a given area. For instance, a rectangular space is composed of a set of opposite walls that are longer and another set of opposite walls that are shorter in comparative length. D) The medial axes are based on local shape parameters; the trunk axis passes through the length of the space and the branch axes extend to the vertices of the space. Based on the medial axes alone, the shape of an area can be determined.