A very incomplete network of early 20th Century pioneering women archaeologists.
Women who succeeded against the odds, becoming experts in fields where they faced institutional prejudice, are rightly applauded. But to tell a heroic tale of the triumph of the lone female scholar misses a key point – networks and collaborations are vital to scientific success. In addition, it undermines the true contribution of women to the fields, potentially allowing them to be dismissed as anomalies. Today archaeology has better gender parity statistics than many other scientific disciplines. Could this stem from the highly developed and integrated networks of women that worked together, and competed with each other, in the first half of the 20th Century? This network is a partial, visual summary of names and relationships described in the chapters of Breaking Ground (Cohen & Joukowski 2006) and the accompanying online biographies at http://www.brown.edu/Research/Breaking_Ground. Solid arrows show known connections, and the nature of the relationship & key collaborations. Dashed lines indicate inferred connections - for example, Garrod and Lamb studied the same course, at the same Cambridge college, in the same year and can be assumed to have known each other.
Cohen, G. M. and M. S. Joukowski (2006). Breaking ground: pioneering women archaeologists, University of Michigan Press.