Synthesis, Structure, and Dynamics of Molybdenum Imido Alkyne Complexes
datasetposted on 16.08.2004 by Elon A. Ison, Thomas M. Cameron, Khalil A. Abboud, James M. Boncella
Datasets usually provide raw data for analysis. This raw data often comes in spreadsheet form, but can be any collection of data, on which analysis can be performed.
The monomeric alkyne complexes (η2-alkyne)Mo(NPh)(o-(Me3SiN)2C6H4) (3) have been synthesized by the displacement of isobutylene from (η2-isobutylene)Mo(NPh)(o-(Me3SiN)2C6H4) (2). The alkyne fragment in these complexes is oriented perpendicular to the MoN bond of the cis imido ligand, as confirmed by an X-ray structural analysis of 3e. The deshielded nature of the chemical shifts of the α-carbons and terminal protons of the alkyne fragments in these complexes strongly suggests the participation of the alkyne π⊥ electrons in the Mo−alkyne interaction. The alkyne fragment in 3 rotates freely about the Mo−alkyne bond, resulting in the fluxional behavior of these complexes at room temperature. An activation barrier of 13.2 kcal/mol for the alkyne rotation was measured using VT NMR spectroscopy. Computational studies using a two-layer ONIOM model, and the B3LYP hybrid functional, provided insight into the Mo−alkyne bonding. The transition state for alkyne rotation has been calculated and is characterized by a parallel orientation of the alkyne fragment to the cis imido ligand. A natural bond orbital (NBO) population analysis reveals that alkyne π⊥ donation to Mo is more extensive in the transition state than in the ground state. Weaker Mo−N(imido) bonds are also observed in the transition state, because π donation from the alkyne ligand competes with imido π donation.