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Highly Z-Selective Asymmetric 1,4-Addition Reaction of 5H-Oxazol-4-ones with Alkynyl Carbonyl Compounds Catalyzed by Chiral Guanidines

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posted on 20.04.2011, 00:00 authored by Tomonori Misaki, Kei Kawano, Takashi Sugimura
An asymmetric 1,4-addition reaction of 5H-oxazol-4-ones with alkynyl carbonyl compounds was developed, and, for the first time, high enantiomeric and geometric control was achieved to afford the thermodynamically unstable Z-isomer predominantly using chiral guanidine catalysts bearing a hydroxy group at the appropriate position. The method provides synthetically useful γ-butenolide ester bearing a chiral quaternary stereogenic center.