DataSheet_1_Texture Analysis of Fat-Suppressed T2-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Use of Machine Learning to Discriminate Nasal and Paranasal Sinus Small Round Malignant Cell Tumors.csv
We used texture analysis and machine learning (ML) to classify small round cell malignant tumors (SRCMTs) and Non-SRCMTs of nasal and paranasal sinus on fat-suppressed T2 weighted imaging (Fs-T2WI).Materials
Preoperative MRI scans of 164 patients from 1 January 2018 to 1 January 2021 diagnosed with SRCMTs and Non-SRCMTs were included in this study. A total of 271 features were extracted from each regions of interest. Datasets were randomly divided into two sets, including a training set (∼70%) and a test set (∼30%). The Pearson correlation coefficient (PCC) and principal component analysis (PCA) methods were performed to reduce dimensions, and the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), Kruskal-Wallis (KW), and Recursive Feature Elimination (RFE) and Relief were performed for feature selections. Classifications were performed using 10 ML classifiers. Results were evaluated using a leave one out cross-validation analysis.Results
We compared the AUC of all pipelines on the validation dataset with FeAture Explorer (FAE) software. The pipeline using a PCC dimension reduction, relief feature selection, and gaussian process (GP) classifier yielded the highest area under the curve (AUC) using 15 features. When the “one-standard error” rule was used, FAE also produced a simpler model with 13 features, including S(5,-5)SumAverg, S(3,0)InvDfMom, Skewness, WavEnHL_s-3, Horzl_GlevNonU, Horzl_RLNonUni, 135dr_GlevNonU, WavEnLL_s-3, Teta4, Teta2, S(5,5)DifVarnc, Perc.01%, and WavEnLH_s-2. The AUCs of the training/validation/test datasets were 1.000/0.965/0.979, and the accuracies, sensitivities, and specificities were 0.890, 0.880, and 0.920, respectively. The best algorithm was GP whose AUCs of the training/validation/test datasets by the two-dimensional reduction methods and four feature selection methods were greater than approximately 0.800. Especially, the AUCs of different datasets were greater than approximately 0.900 using the PCC, RFE/Relief, and GP algorithms.Conclusions
We demonstrated the feasibility of combining artificial intelligence and the radiomics from Fs-T2WI to differentially diagnose SRCMTs and Non-SRCMTs. This non-invasive approach could be very promising in clinical oncology.