Spouses’ perceptions of and attitudes toward female menopause: a mixed-methods systematic review
Objective: Menopausal women experience physical and psychological discomfort, which may be affected by their spouses’ perceptions of and attitudes toward menopause. The purpose of this review is to summarize men’s perceptions of and attitudes toward female menopause in different cultural contexts.
Method: A sequential integrated design method was used in this mixed-methods systematic review. PubMed, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Cochrane, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and the Wanfang database were searched. Studies on spousal perceptions of and attitudes toward female menopause were included in the analysis.
Results: A total of 12 articles met the inclusion criteria. Men have little knowledge of menopause and health-care status. Men have different attitudes toward wives’ changes during menopause. A large proportion of them cannot cope with these changes, possibly due to poor knowledge about menopause; aging and disease; psychological changes; religious and other internal factors; and external factors, including family life, work stress, and wives’ menopausal symptoms. In addition, spouses’ perceptions of and attitudes toward menopause may affect women’s menopausal symptoms, attitudes toward menopause, and marriage relationships.
Conclusion: Although there was little evidence, it seems that male spouses’ perceptions of and attitudes toward female menopause are important factors affecting menopausal women’s quality of life.