<i>a.</i> Hierarchical regression predicting early literacy outcomes from family and child risk factors at T1; <i>b.</i> Hierarchical regression predicting early literacy outcomes from family and child risk factors at T2; <i>c.</i> Hierarchical regression predicting early literacy outcomes from family and child risk factors at T3.

<p>*<i>p</i><.05.</p><p>**<i>p</i><.01.</p><p>***<i>p</i><.001.</p>