The percentage of articles in which co-piloting occurred for various processes (with 95% confidence intervals).

<p><i>Note</i>. statistical analyses = conducting the statistical analyses (N = 335); write up sample details = writing the sample details in the manuscript (N = 330); write up results = writing up the results in the manuscript (N = 334); check results in manuscript = checking of the results in the manuscript by someone other than the person who wrote up the results in the manuscript (N = 326); data sharing at submission = having access to the data at the moment the manuscript was submitted (N = 333); data sharing now = having access to the data at the moment the survey was being filled in (N = 332).</p>