The kinetic energy distributions of carbon ions for different fragmentation channels of methylselenol (a), (b) and ethylselenol (c), (d)

<p><strong>Figure 4.</strong> The kinetic energy distributions of carbon ions for different fragmentation channels of methylselenol (a), (b) and ethylselenol (c), (d). Vertical lines of the same colour indicate simulated Coulomb explosion energies for the given charge states assuming the equilibrium geometry of the respective neutral molecule.</p> <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>The ionization and fragmentation of two selenium containing hydrocarbon molecules, methylselenol (CH<sub>3</sub>SeH) and ethylselenol (C<sub>2</sub>H<sub>5</sub>SeH), by intense (>10<sup>17</sup> W cm<sup>−2</sup>) 5 fs x-ray pulses with photon energies of 1.7 and 2 keV has been studied by means of coincident ion momentum spectroscopy. Measuring charge states and ion kinetic energies, we find signatures of charge redistribution within the molecular environment. Furthermore, by analyzing fragment ion angular correlations, we can determine the laboratory-frame orientation of individual molecules and thus investigate the fragmentation dynamics in the molecular frame. This allows distinguishing protons originating from different molecular sites along with identifying the reaction channels that lead to their emission.</p>