Prevalence of S. mansoni and S. haematobium according to different diagnostic approaches, stratified by epidemiological setting.
The study was carried out in three epidemiological settings of south Côte d'Ivoire in October and November 2010. Triplicate Kato-Katz thick smears from the first collected stool sample, nine Kato-Katz thick smears from three stool samples, one CCA-A from the first collected urine sample, three CCA-A tests from three urine samples, one CCA-B test from the first collected urine sample, and one ether-concentration test on SAF-fixed stool samples from the second collected stool sample were used for the diagnosis of S. mansoni. Three urine filtrations were employed for S. haematobium diagnosis and three Hemastix dipsticks were used for microhematuria appraisal.
*Exact 95% confidence interval.
**In settings A, B and C, there were 2, 6 and 7 tests considered invalid, and hence not taken into account for prevalence calculations.