Methodological specifications.

<p><b>A</b>: The rats' position on the 140 cm long maze (y-axis) over time (x-axis). 8 consecutive trials are shown. <b>B (left)</b>: Distribution of accelerations for all rats across all recording sessions. Max acceleration = 102.70 cm/s<sup>2</sup>; max deceleration = −105.74 cm/s<sup>2</sup> (count units = ×10<sup>5</sup>). <b>B (right)</b>: Distribution of speeds for all rats across all recording sessions during acceleration and deceleration (count units = ×10<sup>4</sup>). <b>C</b>: The rats' speed (black) and acceleration (red) as a function of position on the maze for an entire recording session for one rat (∼5 minutes). Acceleration is shown in both running directions in order to emphasize the similar distribution of accelerations/decelerations. <b>D (top)</b>: Speed (black) and acceleration (red) as a function of time. 8 consecutive trials are shown in order to visualize the relationship between speed and acceleration/deceleration. <b>D (bottom)</b>: A closer look at the first 12 seconds of the top signals, now only the first 3 consecutive trials are shown. <b>E</b>: Relationship between acceleration and theta amplitude (top) and deceleration and theta amplitude (bottom) as a function of “low” and “high” speeds.</p>