Goodness of fit statistics or squared coefficients a of study sites, soil and understory vegetation parameters fitted to the Nonmetric Multi-dimensional Scaling (NMDS) ordination space of the fungal, Basidiomycotan, Ascomycotan, Agaricomycotan, Pezizomycotan, and Ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungal communities.


significant squared root correlations are presented in bold (* p<0.05, ** p<0.01, *** p<0.001).


the effect of study regions on the fungal community composition regardless of the management type.


the effect of study region on the fungal community considering the management type.

Tree cover 1: Cover of 5–10 m high trees; Tree cover 2: Cover of >10 m high trees; Tree cover 1 and 2: cumulative tree cover of all trees.