Crude associations between (A) early neonatal mortality and (B) facility delivery and distance to delivery services and level of care.


P-values are from tests for trend over categories of distance, or categories of level of care.


n = 8679 in Malawi, n = 3682 in Zambia. Only included the first child of multiple births. Information on delivery place missing for 12 births in Malawi and 10 births in Zambia.