Correlation chart comparing the stratigraphic and biogeographic distribution of Parascolymia and possibly related coral taxa with the global climate trend, as reflected in the deep-sea oxygen isotope record [63,85], and with palaeogeographic events [13].

Coral occurrences refer to Table 1. The dotted pattern indicate a closed Tethyan Seaway and the intermittent yellow fields represent impaired marine connections impassable for shallow marine biota from the Eastern Tethys/Proto-Indo-West Pacific; EAAP = East African‒Arabian Province, WIOP = Western Indian Ocean Province, IPP = Indo-Polynesian Province, GLB = Gomphotherium Landbridge, MMCO = Middle Miocene Climate Optimum; chronostratigraphy according to [86].