Circulating levels of inflammatory mediators in adult falciparum malaria patients with and without HIV-1 co-infection.

<p>Boldface type indicates statistical significance. The concentration of the various cytokines is given in pg/mL.</p>1)<p> Univariable analysis with the Mann-Whitney test.</p>2)<p> Calculated by penalised logistic regression. The arrow indicates reduced cytokine levels in HIV co-infected malaria patients compared with patients without HIV.</p>3)<p> Missing data for two patients.</p><p>Circulating levels of inflammatory mediators in adult falciparum malaria patients with and without HIV-1 co-infection.</p>