Changes caused by the removal of single species.

With simulations of single-species removals, we observed that species of both (a) bats and (b) plants that interact with a higher proportion of mutualistic partners are more important for maintaining the whole network structure, as their removal causes larger decreases in nestedness. Furthermore, (c) the removal of bat species considered as primary frugivores caused also larger decreases in nestedness in the whole network.




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