Anti-PR3 antibodies cause kidney disease.

<p>(A–C) PAS stained images of glomeruli from chimera mice 6 days after injection with anti-PR3 (n = 18, A, 400×; C, 600×) or control IgG (n = 8, B, 600×). Note extra-capillary proliferation and peri-glomerular inflammation (arrowhead) (A), and mesangiolysis (C, arrow) in anti-PR3 treated mice. (D–F) H & E stained sections of kidney from chimera mice treated with anti-PR3 (D, 40×) or disease control (E, 40×) IgG. There are regions of tubulointerstitial injury, with red cell cast formation (arrow). (F) Demonstrates intense peri-glomerular inflammation in an animal treated with anti-PR3 IgG (arrowhead, 400×). By comparison mice treated with disease control IgG showed minimal glomerular or tubulointerstitial changes. (G) Fractions of glomeruli affected in anti-PR3 (n = 18) and control IgG (n = 8) treated animals (Error bars depict SEM; ***<i>p</i> = 0.001) (H). Degree of tubulointerstitial disease in mice treated with anti-PR3 antibodies and control antibodies (*<i>P</i><0.05, median ± IQ ± max/min values). (Bars = 50 µm).</p>