Vortex Dynamics in Two-Dimensional Bose-Einstein Condensates

2018-03-18T23:21:30Z (GMT) by Andrew James Groszek
Fluid turbulence remains an open problem in contemporary physics. In gases or liquids encountered in daily life, turbulence is comprised of swirling vortices of varying sizes, shapes and strengths. The impossibility of making detailed predictions of turbulent flows comes, in part, from the complicated nature of these vortices. Turbulence in quantum mechanical superfluids, on the other hand, is comparatively simple. When stirred, a superfluid produces well-defined, discretised vortex lines, and hence turbulence in these fluids is much more straightforward to interpret. As such, there is hope that the study of vortices in superfluids may hold the key to unlocking the mysteries of turbulence.