Transmembrane anion transport mediated by adamantyl-functionalised imidazolium salts
We present the design, synthesis and transmembrane anion transport properties of a new class of mobile organic transporters, possessing a central imidazolium cation and two external adamantyl units. We demonstrate herein that the imidazolium cation can be incorporated in the structure of active mobile anion transporters. Depending on the nature of the counter-anion of the salt, as well as the extravesicular anions, different anion selectivities were obtained. We show the importance of the H2 proton of the imidazolium cation in order to obtain a higher binding constant of the chloride anion. Furthermore, we demonstrate the importance of the flexibility of the spacers between the adamantyl groups and the imidazolium cation in the transport process.