The partition and transport behavior of cytotoxic ionic liquids (ILs) through the DPPC bilayer: Insights from molecular dynamics simulation

2017-10-13T07:03:36Z (GMT) by Mokhtar Ganjali Koli Khaled Azizi
<p>A molecular dynamics (MD) simulation with atomistic details was performed to examine the partitioning and transport behavior of moderately cytotoxic ionic liquids (ILs), namely choline bis(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate (CBEH), choline bis(2,4,4-trimethylpentyl) phosphinate (CTMP) and choline O,O-diethyl dithiophosphate (CDEP) in a fully hydrated dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) bilayer in the fluid phase at 323 K. The structure of ILs was so selected to understand if the role of dipole and dispersion forces in the ILs distribution in the membrane can be possible. Several analyses including mass density, electrostatic potential, order parameter, diffusion coefficients and hydrogen bond formation, was carried out to determine the precise location of the anionic species inside the membrane. Moreover, the potential of the mean force (PMF) method was used to calculate free energy profile for transferring anionic species from the DPPC membrane into the bulk water. While less cytotoxic DEP is located within the bulk water, more cytotoxic TMP and BEH ILs were found to remain in the membrane and the energy barrier for crossing through the bilayer center of BEH was higher. Various ILs have no significant effect on P–N vector. The thickness of lipid bilayer decreased in all systems comprising ILs, while area per lipid increased.</p>