THE PARTICIPATION OF PRIVATE HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS IN HEALTH TRAINING IN BRAZIL
Abstract Brazilian higher education has been historically marked by the presence of private institutions. During the unhindered expansion that took place over the past two decades, the private sector presented a growth in the number of enrollments and in the percentage of participation. This article describes the private participation in the undergraduate courses in health in the period between 1993 and 2013. The review of the literature on Brazilian higher education and the descriptive analysis of the secondary data evinced that the participation of the private sector in the training in health, in many aspects, has been compatible with the dynamics of the higher education sector. In the 1990s, the growth of the private sector was a trend in all undergraduate courses in health, and, in most courses, the growth rates were higher than the national average. In the period between 2003 and 2013, the courses of Medicine, Odontology and Social Services presented growth rates that were higher than those of the preceding period, and the other courses presented a decrease in the growth rates; as for the courses of Biology, Speech and Language Therapy and Occupational Therapy, a decrease in the number of enrollments in private institutions was observed.