Supporting tables and figures from Globalization and pollution: tele-connecting local primary PM<sub>2.5</sub> emissions to global consumption

Globalization pushes production and consumption to geographically diverse locations and generates a variety of sizeable opportunities and challenges. The distribution and associated effects of short-lived primary fine particulate matter (PM<sub>2.5</sub>), a representative of local pollution, are significantly affected by the consumption through global supply chain. Tele-connection is used here to represent the link between production and consumption activity at large distances. In this study, we develop a global consumption-based primary PM<sub>2.5</sub> emission inventory to track primary PM<sub>2.5</sub> emissions embodied in the supply chain and evaluate the extent to which local PM<sub>2.5</sub> emissions are triggered by international trade. We further adopt consumption-based accounting and identify the global original source that produced the emissions. We find that anthropogenic PM<sub>2.5</sub> emissions from industrial sectors accounted for 24 Tg globally in 2007; approximately 30% (7.2 Tg) of these emissions were embodied in export of products principally from the Brazil, South Africa, India and China (3.8 Tg) countries to developed countries. Large differences (up to 10 times) in the embodied emissions intensity between net importers and exporters greatly increased total global PM<sub>2.5</sub> emissions. Tele-connecting production and consumption activity provides valuable insights with respect to mitigating long-range transboundary air pollution and prompts concerted efforts aiming at more environmentally conscious globalization.