Supplementary Material for: Two Novel Pathogenic MID1 Variants and Genotype-Phenotype Correlation Reanalysis in X-Linked Opitz G/BBB Syndrome
2017-08-29T11:42:24Z (GMT) by
X-linked Opitz G/BBB syndrome (XLOS) is a multisystemic congenital condition, caused by mutations in the midline-1 gene (<i>MID1</i>), characterized by a large inter- and intrafamilial phenotypic variability and often associated with intellectual disability (ID). We report clinical, genetic, and molecular findings in 4 patients with typical XLOS dysmorphic features belonging to 2 unrelated families. Two novel pathogenic loss-of-function <i>MID1</i> variants, a maternally inherited c.1656del and a de novo c.1215_1228dup, were identified. Subsequently, we performed a genotype-phenotype analysis using data from 91 male XLOS patients. To test the mutation impact on the phenotype; the type of mutation, the MID1-impaired domain and function were compared with the presence of each of the major clinical features (hypertelorism, clefts of the lip and/or palate, laryngo-tracheo-esophageal abnormalities, hypospadias and ID ) and minor clinical features (brain, heart, and anal defects). No statistically significant correlation was found with these features. Further investigations, as well as exhaustive and unequivocal phenotyping, may be required to improve our knowledge of the biological mechanisms underlying this syndrome and to provide more adequate disease management.