Supplementary Material for: Spinal Cord Injury and Traumatic Brain Injury: A Cost-of-Illness Study
2012-07-28T00:00:00Z (GMT) by
<b><i>Background:</i></b> Among traumatic injuries, spinal cord injuries (SCI) and traumatic brain injuries (TBI) are of major importance because of their epidemiological and economic impact on society. The overall objective of this study was to estimate the economic cost associated with people with SCI and TBI in Spain in 2007. <b><i>Methods:</i></b> A cost-of-illness analysis was performed, considering the perspective of society, using a 1-year time horizon. Medical costs, adaptation costs, material costs, administrative costs, and costs of police, firefighters and roadside assistance, productivity losses due to institutionalization and sick leave, as well as an estimate of productivity losses of carers, and productivity losses due to death were included. <b><i>Results:</i></b> The economic cost associated with people with SCI is between EUR 92,087,080.97 and 212,496,196.41 (USD 131 million and 302 million) according to the injury mechanism, and between EUR 1,079,223,688.66 and 3,833,752,692.78 (USD 1,536 million and 5,458 million) for people with TBI. <b><i>Conclusions:</i></b> There is an urgent need to develop effective interventions known to prevent SCI and TBI, and to evaluate their effectiveness and efficiency.