Supplementary Material for: Somatic Mosaicism in Bulls Estimated from Genome-Wide CNV Array and TSPY Gene Copy Numbers

<p>Somatic mosaicism has become a focus in human research due to the implications of individual genetic variability in disease. Here, we assessed somatic copy number variations (CNVs) in Holstein bulls in 2 respects. We estimated genome-wide CNVs and assayed CNVs of the <i>TSPY</i> gene, the most variable bovine gene from the Y chromosome. Somatic tissues (blood, lung, heart, muscle, testis, and brain) of 4 bulls were arrayed on the Illumina Bovine SNP50k chip and qPCR tested for <i>TSPY</i> copy numbers. Our results showed extensive copy number divergence in tissues within the same animal as well as significant copy number alterations of <i>TSPY</i>. We detected a mean of 31 CNVs per animal among which 14 were of germline origin, as they were constantly present in all investigated tissues of the animal, while 18 were specific to 1 tissue. Thus, 57% of the total number of detected CNVs was the result of de novo somatic events. Further, <i>TSPY</i> copy number was found to vary significantly among tissues as well as among the same tissue type from different animals in a wide range from 7 to 224% of the calibrator. Our study shows significant autosomal and Y-chromosomal de novo somatic CNV in bulls.</p>