Supplementary Material for: Patterns of Cortical Thickness according to APOE Genotype in Alzheimer’s Disease
2009-11-26T00:00:00Z (GMT) by
<i>Background:</i> Possession of one or more apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 alleles may influence the distribution of atrophy and clinical phenotype. We aimed to assess the influence of APOE genotype on cortical thickness and regional brain volumes in AD (Alzheimer’s disease).<i> Methods:</i> We included 38 patients (9 ε4 non-carriers, 23 ε4 heterozygotes, 6 ε4 homozygotes) and 23 controls. Each subject had 2 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans and a neuropsychological battery. Cortical thickness and isthmus cingulate volume were measured using FreeSurfer; the volumes of the hippocampus, whole brain, and lateral ventricles were calculated using manual and semi-automated volumetry. <i>Results:</i> Compared with controls, cortical thickness was significantly lower: in the bilateral temporal, posterior parietal and occipital regions in non-carriers, in the medial temporal and left parietal regions in heterozygotes, and in the medial temporal lobe in homozygotes. Comparisons between AD subgroups did not show significant differences. A trend for larger brain and isthmus cingulate volumes and smaller hippocampal and ventricular volumes with increasing ε4 dose were seen. These differences were supported by neuropsychological profiles. <i>Conclusion:</i> These results suggest that APOE genotype may influence the topography of regional atrophy and cortical thinning in AD.