Supplementary Material for: Pancreatic Cancer in Pregnancy Presenting with Thromboembolic Events: Case Report and Review of the Literature

Stroke and hepatic vein thrombosis are highly associated with neoplasia but are extremely rare events in young, pregnant women. Rare and recurrent thrombotic events in pregnancy increase the suspicion for occult malignancy. We describe the case of a healthy 31-year-old G2P1 who presented with visual changes and dysarthria during pregnancy. Imaging showed cerebral infarcts. Her thrombophilia evaluation was negative. During delivery, she was diagnosed with fulminant Budd-Chiari Syndrome. Hepatic ultrasound suggested malignancy or metastasis, and postpartum CT scan and biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of Stage IV pancreatic cancer. Although rare in pregnancy, a new diagnosis of malignancy should be considered in patients with recurrent unexplained hypercoagulable complications. We propose an evidence-based algorithm for evaluation of occult malignancy in pregnancy based upon this case and review of the literature.