Supplementary Material for: Overall Response to First-Line Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor and Second-Line Chemotherapy Is Predictive of Survival Outcome in Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor-Mutated Adenocarcinoma

<p><b><i>Background:</i></b> First-line epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are effective for the treatment of lung adenocarcinoma with an <i>EGFR</i>-sensitizing mutation, but resistance is inevitable. Chemotherapy is widely used in the second-line setting. The outcome following this treatment scheme has not been thoroughly evaluated. <b><i>Methods:</i></b> From 2007 to 2011, consecutive patients with mutated <i>EGFR</i> receiving first-line TKI and second-line chemotherapy were retrospectively reviewed. The overall response was categorized into double responder, single responder and double nonresponder. <b><i>Results:</i></b> Following this treatment scheme, baseline Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1 (HR 0.60; 95% CI 0.37-0.98; p = 0.041) and double responder (HR 0.24; 95% CI 0.07-0.78; p = 0.018) were independent predictors of overall survival. Absence of pleural metastasis independently predicted the response to first-line TKI (OR 2.60; 95% CI 1.13-5.99; p = 0.025). In TKI responders, ECOG performance status 0-1 before chemotherapy (OR 4.95; 95% CI 1.15-21.28; p = 0.006), an exon 19 deletion (OR 4.74; 95% CI 1.30-17.21; p = 0.018) and progression-free survival (PFS) on first-line TKI (OR 1.02; 95% CI 1.01-1.09; p = 0.049) independently predicted the response to second-line chemotherapy. A moderate linear relationship (Pearson's r = 0.441; p = 0.001) existed between the PFS of this treatment scheme in TKI responders. <b><i>Conclusion:</i></b> The status of double responder to first-line TKI and second-line chemotherapy was predictive of improved survival in <i>EGFR</i>-mutated adenocarcinoma.</p>