Supplementary Material for: Osteopontin Plays a Critical Role in Interstitial Fibrosis but Not Glomerular Sclerosis in Diabetic Nephropathy

Background/Aims: Osteopontin (OPN) has been implicated in the pathology of several renal conditions. The aim of this study was to clarify the roles of OPN in diabetic nephropathy. Methods: Diabetes mellitus (DM) was induced in wild-type (WT) and OPN knockout (KO) mice by injecting streptozotocin. The mice were killed 20 weeks after induction of DM and their kidneys removed. Results: Renal mRNA expression of OPN was increased in WT-DM mice compared to WT-sham mice. Immunohistochemistry showed high levels of OPN expression in the proximal tubules of WT-DM mice. Kidney weight and urinary albumin excretion increased to similar levels in the WT-DM and KO-DM mice. Interstitial fibrosis was increased in WT-DM mice compared to KO-DM mice. However, there were no differences in the degree of mesangial expansion or glomerular hypertrophy between the two groups. F4/80-positive cells (macrophages) and FSP-1-positive cells (fibroblasts) showed significantly higher infiltration in WT-DM mice than in KO-DM mice. Renal mRNA expression of NADPH oxidase subunits and urinary 8-isoprostane excretion were also increased in WT-DM mice. Conclusions: These results indicated that OPN is a key molecule that induces interstitial fibrosis in the diabetic kidney, but does not induce glomerular sclerosis.