Supplementary Material for: Meiotic Synapsis and Gene Expression Altered by a Balanced Y-Autosome Reciprocal Translocation in an Azoospermic Pig

Meiotic sex chromosome silencing (MSCS) has been argued as a prerequisite for normal meiotic cell division progression during the synaptic prophase I stage. Furthermore, irregular asynapsis of autosomal axes at meiosis may be encompassing the lack of transcriptional activity normally observed for the X and Y sex chromosomes. Therefore, any chromosomal rearrangement compromising the normal mechanism of MSCS and/or the contrary, the normal meiotic transcriptional activity of autosomal chromosomes, may be observed as a meiotic and concomitant spermatogenesis arrest. Previously, we have described a Y-autosome translocation t(Y;13)(p1.3;q3.3) in an azoospermic boar. Its chromosome synapsis behavior by synaptonemal complex immunostaining and FISH analyses is documented here. Histone γH2AX protein foci appeared to be located at unsynapsed chromosomal segments (e.g., X chromosome univalents or unpaired multivalent segments), although interestingly a high proportion of primary spermatocytes showed full paired synaptonemal complex-multivalent configurations which were devoid of a γH2AX focus signal, indicating meiotic chromosome silencing. RT-qPCR analysis of testicular expression showed downregulation of 3 SSC13 genes (<i>MLH1, SOX2, UBE2B</i>) and upregulation of SSCY genes (<i>ZFY, SRY</i>). The irregularity of the normal transcription pattern in case of these genes with proven roles in the testis is in agreement with the cytological observations and could contribute to the observed phenotype.