Supplementary Material for: Long Non-Coding RNA RP11-789C1.1 Suppresses Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition in Gastric Cancer Through the RP11-789C1.1/MiR-5003/E-Cadherin Axis

<b><i>Background/Aims:</i></b> Gastric cancer (GC) is a common malignancy with a global incidence that ranks fourth among all tumor types. Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a tumor biological process with a role in GC cell metastasis. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs possess important regulatory functions at the cellular level and in diverse pathophysiological processes. This study was conducted to investigate whether lncRNA RP11-789C1.1 regulates EMT in GC by mediating the miR-5003/E-cadherin pathway. <b><i>Methods:</i></b> RP11-789C1.1 and miR-5003 expression was detected in GC specimens and cell lines by quantitative real-time PCR. Western blotting and immunohistochemistry were performed to detect EMT markers in GC. Cell Counting Kit 8 assays were carried out to explore cell proliferation. Wound healing and Transwell assays were conducted to determine the migration and invasion of GC cells. To clarify the correlation between RP11-789C1.1, miR-5003, and E-cadherin, dual-luciferase reporter assays were applied. <b><i>Results:</i></b> LncRNA RP11-789C1.1 was significantly down-regulated in GC patients and cell lines, along with the concomitant up-regulation of miR-5003. Silencing RP11-789C1.1 and over-expressing miR-5003 significantly promoted the tumor behavior of GC cells. Dual-luciferase reporter assays confirmed that miR-5003 was the target of both RP11-789C1.1 and E-cadherin. Furthermore, at both the mRNA and protein level, silencing RP11-789C1.1 remarkably reduced the expression of E-cadherin and promoted EMT, which were reversed by knocking down miR-5003. <b><i>Conclusions:</i></b> LncRNA RP11-789C1.1 inhibited EMT in GC through the RP11-789C1.1/miR-5003/E-cadherin axis, which could be a promising therapeutic target for GC.

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