Supplementary Material for: Impact of Acquired Enamel Pellicle Modification on Initial Dental Erosion
2011-03-17T00:00:00Z (GMT) by
The acquired enamel pellicle that forms on the tooth surface serves as a natural protective barrier against dental erosion. Numerous proteins composing the pellicle serve different functions within this thin layer. Our study examined the effect of incorporated mucin and casein on the erosion-inhibiting potential of the acquired enamel pellicle. Cyclic acidic conditions were applied to mimic the erosive environment present at the human enamel interface during the consumption of soft drinks. One hundred enamel specimens were prepared for microhardness tests and distributed randomly into 5 groups (n = 20) that received the following treatment: deionized water, humidity chamber, mucin, casein, or a combination of mucin and casein. Each group was exposed to 3 cycles of a 2-hour incubation in human saliva, followed by a 2-hour treatment in the testing solution and a 1-min exposure to citric acid. The microhardness analysis demonstrated that the mixture of casein and mucin significantly improved the erosion-inhibiting properties of the human pellicle layer. The addition of individual proteins did not statistically impact the function of the pellicle. These data suggest that protein-protein interactions may play an important role in the effectiveness of the pellicle to prevent erosion.